Constitution Day or Samvidhan Diwas is celebrated annually in India on 26 November. The day is also known as National Law Day. On this day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India that came into force on 26 January 1950. .
Constitution Day of India aims to bring awareness on the importance of the Indian Constitution and its architect, Dr B R Ambedkar. Prime Minister Narendra Modi marked November 26 as the Constitution Day of India in 2015. The day, which was earlier celebrated as Law Day, commemorates the pledge of Purna Swaraj, passed in the Lahore session of the Congress in 1930. The Constitution Day is celebrated as a mark of tribute to India’s first Law Minister BR Ambedkar, who played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian Constitution. The day is celebrated to promote Constitution values among citizens.
On December 6, 1949 the Constitution Assembly was formed and its first meeting was held on December 9. Rajendra Prasad was appointed its President and H C Mukherjee its vice-chairman. On August 29, 1947, the drafting committee appointed Ambedkar as its chairman along with six other members. The members of the Constituent Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on January 24, 1950. On November 26, 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted by the Assembly. On January 26, 1950, the Constitution was enforced.